While Loop

A while loop is a repetition control structure that allows programmers to write a loop that will be executed as long as a given condition is true. The while loop has two parts:

  • Condition statement: This statement is evaluated before each iteration of the loop. If the condition is true, the body of the loop is executed. If the condition is false, the loop terminates.
  • Body of the loop: This is the block of statements that is executed repeatedly as long as the condition statement is true.

The general syntax of a while loop in C is as follows:

while (condition statement) {
  // Body of the loop

Here is an example of a while loop that prints the numbers from 1 to 10:

int i = 1;
while (i <= 10) {
  printf("%d\n", i);

This while loop first initializes the loop variable i to 1. Then, it evaluates the condition statement, which is i <= 10. If the condition is true, the body of the loop is executed. The body of the loop in this case is the printf() statement, which prints the value of i to the console. After the body of the loop is executed, the loop variable i is incremented by 1. This process repeats until the condition statement is false, which is when i is equal to 11.

While loops are a very versatile tool in C programming. They can be used to iterate over arrays, lists, and other data structures. They can also be used to perform repetitive tasks, such as printing a table of values or calculating a mathematical series.

Here are some additional things to keep in mind about while loops in C:

  • The condition statement must be a boolean expression.
  • The body of the loop can be a single statement or a block of statements.
  • If the condition statement is always true, the loop will never terminate.
  • If the condition statement is always false, the loop will never be executed.

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